If you have made it this far, you might be wondering what to do next to keep your basil babies alive. Here’s a short list of things to do to keep them going.
Remove your seedlings from the top of the fridge once they begin to sprout
Reduce the number of times you spritz your seedlings to once a day, and gradually taper down to every other day, and then just start watering them with a watering can as the soil starts to dry on the surface. Why?Seeds need to be kept moist constantly until they sprout, then you want to gradually reduce the amount of water you give them to avoid causing them to rot or suffocate. This could be another separate article!
Take the set up to a warm, sunny room, away from heat vents(at least 5 feet away) I have mine sitting on the top shelf of a bakers rack that sits in my sunny foyer.
Begin removing the clear lid from the seedlings. Why?
To prevent your seedlings from getting to long and spindly (leggy)
To prevent mold from growing that can cause a disease called (dampening off) that causes your seedlings to die off right at the base of the stem.
To begin getting your seedlings acclimated to air movement. (air movement will ultimately help your seedlings get stronger, sturdier stems.
Rotate your seedlings once a day to prevent them from bending too much in one direction towards the sunlight.
You can now leave the clear dome off permanently
Reduce watering to once every 2 or 3 days. Just make sure that you water deeply so the soil gets wet all the way to the bottom of the container to stimulate deep rooting down into the soil.
At this point you can still water with a mister, but you can adjust the nozzle from mist to more of a heavy spray and eventually a small stream.
Avoid blasting the delicate seedlings with hard streams of water.
Teach little ones to wet the soil surface rather than aiming directly at the seedlings.
Teach little ones that the seedlings will get their water from their roots which are buried in the soil. This is why we aim at the soil instead of the leaves.
You could even gently pull one seedling out and show your kids the little white root! Tell them that the root is kind of like a paper straw! It can suck up water through the tip and can absorb through the sides kind of like a wick.
If you use a magnifying glass, you will also see root hairs which also help your plants get a drink.
Make sure your container is not standing in a saucer full of water. Standing water causes the roots to be deprived of air and will cause suffocation and rot which ultimately results in death of your seedling.
I just got a question from Shaina about how to start basil so she could have fresh herbs in her kitchen. Basil is an easy one to germinate, or start from seed. And fresh basil tastes wonderful in so many dishes. So this one is for you, Shaina, hope this helps:)
First and foremost, you’ll need some seeds! Below are links to where you can order some of my favorite varieties! And there are tons of different kinds of Basil!
As I was hunting for links for Basil seeds and looking at pictures of this delicious herb, I began smelling Basil! I told my family, “Man, all of this talk about Basil is making me so hungry, I am starting to smell it!!!” Then I walked into the kitchen and realized that my son, Harrison, was eating his breakfast, leftover angel hair pasta with basil pesto mixed in!
Potting Soil Prep:
One thing that nobody seems to tell you is that potting mix is hard to moisten in the beginning. It usually has peat moss in it, which can hold a ton of water….but because of that, it takes a while to soak up! I would advise that prior to planting any seeds………
grab an old bucket
grab an old large spoon or trowel
pour the amount of soil you need into the bucket
turn on some warm water in your kitchen sink
turn the spray nozzle on
gently spray some water into the bucket, being careful not to spray directly onto the soil, because if it’s really dried out, the soil particles might poof into your face and make you sneeze:)
start mixing the soil, to work in the water
add squirts of water until the soil feels moist, and will clump together when you squeeze it…kind of like shortbread cookie dough, or pie crust…still crumbly, but will hold together if you squeeze it.
Once it has enough water, put the soil in the pot
You are now ready to plant your yummy Basil seeds!
Doing this soil prep will make it much easier to water in your seeds after you plant them. Why? Really dry potting mix tends to float and repel water at first. If you are trying to get the soil to soak up the water after you have already planted the seeds….think flash flooding of baby seeds and drowning and suffocation of baby seeds…not good:)
What if you Don’t have time for soil prep as described above?
Here’s a cheat. In plant nerd terms, we call this process capillary action. Just set the pot that you planted your seed in, in a saucer and fill the saucer with water
Let the water soak in from the bottom, up through the soil, from the drainage hole in the pot.
refill the saucer until the soil appears to be moist on top. This may take a few hours.
Planting the Basil Seeds
1. Find a small 4 inch pot. I prefer clay pots, because they are cute, and because they allow the soil to dry out faster, which helps me to avoid rotting my seedlings from overwatering.
2. Get your favorite variety of Basil seed
3. Sprinkle the Basil seeds right on top of the soil
4. Gently scratch the soil surface to let the Basil seeds fall into place
5. Water in the Basil seeds with a gentle shower from your kitchen sprayer
6. Make a mini greenhouse environment for your newly sown basil seeds by
a. covering the soil with a clear baggy dome, or
b. you could set the whole pot inside one of those clear plastic lidded spinach
boxes from the grocery store that acts as a saucer to catch the drips and
keeps the air humid which will make the seeds germinate faster.
7. Place your mini greenhouse with your newly sown basil seeds on the top of your refrigerator, as the bottom heating of the soil from the fridge will stimulate them to sprout.
8. After they sprout, take the baggy off or remove the salad container lid and keep them in a bright place. Away from heat vents and scorching sunlight. A foot or 2 away from a sunny window would be good to start out.
9. Once the sprouts get 4 leaves, pinch off the top 2 to get the plant to branch, each place you pinch, you should get 2 new branches right below the pinch. Once those get big enough, pinch and use for cooking, and you’ll then have 4, then 8 then 16 branches and so on. Feed at least once or twice/month and don’t let it flower, so you can get more greens off it. mmmm, now I want to try it! I think I will be trying spicy globe basil, because it branches so easily and is a nice looking plant, plus, it should have great flavor too.
After all of this talk about planting seeds, I think I am ready to start some of my own for this year. It seems quite appropriate given this weeks weather of snow, snow and more snow! Thank goodness we don’t have to wait until spring to start gardening!!! Check back for updates and maybe even some pics of our planting day. Or follow along on @gardenshapers on Instagram!